TERRITORIAL DIVISION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The Russian Federation comprises 85 subjects: 22 republics, 9 krais (territories), 46 oblasts (provinces), 3 federal cities, 1 autonomous oblast, 4 autonomous okrugs (autonomous districts). The area and the economic capacity of the majority of the constituent territories of the Russian are comparable with certain middle-sized European countries.

Federal subjects are grouped into nine federal districts and 12 economic regions.

Central Federal District, administrative center - Moscow

Southern Federal District, administrative center - Rostov-on-Don

Northwestern Federal District, administrative center - Saint Petersburg

Far Eastern Federal District, administrative center - Khabarovsk

Siberian Federal District, administrative center - Novosibirsk

Ural Federal District, administrative center - Yekaterinburg

Volga Federal District, administrative center - Nizhny Novgorod

North Caucasian Federal District, administrative center - Pyatigorsk

Crimean Federal District, administrative center - Simferopol

The Russian Federation is divided into municipal formations combining state and local governance exercised by the state and local governments.

As of 1 January, 2014 the Russian Federation comprised 22 777 municipal formations.

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According to the Constitution of Russia, the President is the head of state.

The Federal Government is composed of three branches: legislative (the supreme authority being the bicameral Federal Assembly of Russia consisting of the State Duma (lower house) and the Federation Council (upper house)), executive and judiciary.

The Government of the Russian Federation headed by the President is the supreme authority of the executive branch.

85 Federal subjects have local regional legislative and executive branch authorities. Governors are chief executives in the subordinate entities of the Federation.